Executions in Thailand

According to the Thai Penal Code, any person sentenced to death shall be shot to death. However, they all have aright to submit a petition to His Majesty the King for individual royal pardon. In addition, there are also collective royal pardon on special or important national events. In case where collective pardon is granted, the death sentence shall reduce to life imprisonment. Thus, in practice, only a small number of executions have been carried out.

All male inmates on condemned status are confined at Bangkwang Central Prison, the most maximum security prison in country. Females are confined at Female Central Prison in Bangkok. There are at present 55 condemned inmates, all male, waiting for the Royal Pardon.

Method of Execution

Prior to 1935, beheading was the method of execution. Later, the method was changed to firing squad. Thus,at present,firing squad is the only authorized method of execution in Thailand. It has been used for 281 executions since 1935. Effort has been made to change to lethal injection which believed to be more humane method of execution. If the method of execution is to be changed from firing squad to lethal injection, the Thai Penal Code will have to be amended.


 

NUMBER OF EXECUTION SINCE 1935

Year No. Year No. Year No.
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1
0
1
4
48
0
9
8
12
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
0
0
4
2
0
0
3
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
8
4
11
15
3
5
3
7
2
4
1
2
14
4
12
0
0
14
7
7
4
4
5
0
15
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2
16
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
2
16
2
2
8
1998 2 1999 1 TOTAL 302

 


NUMBER OF EXECUTION AND TYPE OF OFFENCE

Types of Offence
No.
1. Offence against the Royal Family 4
2. Offence against the State 28
3. Murder 116
4. Robbery and Murder 86
5. Murder of Officer 7
6. Rape and Murder 28
7. Offence against Narcotic law 12
280

Source: correct.go.th

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