Execution in Thailand

After a person has been sentenced to death, he is transferred to Bang Kwang Central Prison in Nonthaburi Province, just to the north of Bangkok. This is the only place in Thailand with a Death Row and an execution chamber. Sentences are not carried out straight away as the inmates can appeal at two more courts. These are the Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court. It is quite possible that the courts will commute a death sentence to a life sentence. If they don’t, the inmate still has one last chance. He can apply for a King’s Pardon to reduce his sentence to life.

The cells on Death Row measure 4 by 7.5 meters. The walls are 4 meters high. At the top there is a 20cm gap for ventilation. This is blocked by bars. Each cell is built for 18 prisoners, sleeping in two rows. But due to the crackdown on the drug trade, cells these days have at least 24-25 inmates. They each have a thin mattress measuring 50-70 cms by 170 cms. Their belongings are kept in bags and hung on the walls. Each cell has ceiling fans, a TV, and a toilet.

Death Row inmates are let out of their cells at 8 a.m. They have two hours to eat and exercise before they are locked back in at 10 a.m. They are again let out at noon to eat, exercise and to bathe. They are locked up again at 2:30 p.m. where they remain until 8 a.m. the following morning. The lights are kept on all night. They also have to wear shackles all the time until the time they are executed or their sentence is commuted to life.

A total of 325 inmates have been executed at Bang Kwang. Most of these were executed by machine gun. The last execution of this type took place on 11 December 2002. This was then changed to lethal injection. Four inmates were executed by this method on 12 December 2003. Six years later, on 24 August 2009, two more inmates were executed. There hasn’t been any executions since.

NUMBER OF EXECUTION SINCE 1935

Year No. Year No. Year No.
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1
0
1
4
48
0
9
8
12
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
0
0
4
2
0
0
3
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
8
4
11
15
3
5
3
7
2
4
1
2
14
4
12
0
0
14
7
7
4
4
5
0
15
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2
16
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
2
16
2
2
8
1998 2 1999 1 TOTAL 302

 Source: correct.go.th


NUMBER OF EXECUTIONS AND TYPE OF OFFENCE

Types of Offence No.
1. Offence against the Royal Family 4
2. Offence against the State 28
3. Murder 116
4. Robbery and Murder 86
5. Murder of Officer 7
6. Rape and Murder 28
7. Offence against Narcotic law 12
280

Source: correct.go.th

 MORE RESOURCE:

  • Capital punishment in Thailand